Glaucoma is a blanket term to describe a group of eye abnormalities that can cause damage to the optic nerve. High pressure in the eye is often the source, but glaucoma can also result from varying pressures as well.
Secondary glaucoma can develop because of eye inflammation, trauma, steroid use, infection, and neovascular glaucoma.
Currently, there is no cure for glaucoma and no way to prevent damage. However, we can slow down or halt the progress of the disease. With glaucoma management in Lambertville, we focus on lowering pressure in the eye either by decreasing the amount of fluid produced inside or increasing the amount that gets drained away. The sooner we start glaucoma management the more positive the prognosis. Untreated glaucoma leads to permanent vision loss. Since there is no pain and no apparent symptoms, it is known as the silent thief of sight.
It is very important to have regular eye exams and routine glaucoma screenings, especially if you have a family history of optic nerve disorders.
Glaucoma screening includes:
Checking pressure inside the eyeball
Dilation to evaluate inner eye structures for damage
Testing to monitor the function and anatomy of the optic nerve
There are many treatment options available to lower intraocular, including:
Topical and oral medication
With optic nerve disorders, the most important thing to remember is that there are often no warning signs. Glaucoma is typically painless and progressive, annual eye evaluations are highly recommended.