Four Health Conditions That Can Lead to Vision Loss

Four Health Conditions That Can Lead to Vision Loss

The eye is very complex and injury or disease can easily damage your eye beyond repair. It’s important to know what symptoms can indicate a threat to your vision.Routine medical visits should be done to maintain good and healthy eyes. Here are some of the health conditions that can also cause partial to complete vision loss.

Diabetic Retinopathy

One of the possible complications of diabetes is diabetic retinopathy.Vision loss comes when weakened blood vessels in the retina, a paper-thin tissue that lines the back of the eye—rupture and bleed into the eye. This causes blurred vision and may have a reddish tint. As the tiny ruptures heal, scars form that can damage the retina.

Cataracts

Cataracts generally form slowly and without pain. They can affect one or both eyes. Over time, a cataract may interfere with vision, causing images to appear blurred or fuzzy and colors to seem faded. Most cataracts are related to aging. People with early cataract may benefit from new eyeglasses, bright lighting, anti-glare sunglasses, or magnifying lenses. If, despite such devices, cataract interferes with daily activities, surgery is the only effective treatment. Cataract surgery, which is common, involves removal of the cloudy lens and replacement with an artificial lens.

Glaucoma

Disease in which the pressure of the fluid inside the eye is too high, resulting in a loss of peripheral vision. If the condition is not diagnosed and treated, the increased pressure can damage the optic nerve and eventually lead to blindness. Early detection through regular eye examination and prompt treatment is essential to prevent vision loss.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in people over age 55. The macula, a tiny area in the center of the retina, contains millions of light-sensing cells that produce detailed central vision. As people age, the macula can deteriorate, causing a blurred or dark area in the center of the visual field.

Tips to Protect Your Eyes

  • Regular eye exams
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Eat balanced diet
  • Daily wash your eyes with cold water at regular intervals

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